Sklabinský hrad
In the Middle Ages the region of Turiec was a separate Turiec county (Turčianska župa) crossed by important trade routes. This gave rise to municipalities, towns and guarding castles of Sklabiňa, Blatnica and Zniev as administrative units.

An important milestone in the region's development was a yeoman colonisation mainly extended in the 13th and the 14th centuries. The royal land was divided into smaller parts which were given to inhabitants of whom the yeomanry later on developed. This was also manifested in material and social culture and architecture of Turiec that can partly be seen nowadays as well.
The historical development also includes German settlement in the southern and south-western part of Turiec from the 13th to 14th century because of the mining area in Kremnica nearby.

The region reached a cultural boom mainly in the 19th century. An important event was the nationwide Assembly in 1861 when the National Programme called Memorandum of the Slovak Nation (Memorandum národa slovenského) was adopted. There were many significant persons in Turiec in the field of education, culture, arts and science. They contributed to the region's development as it has become an important economic and mainly cultural centre of Slovaks.
In Martin was also established many important cultural institutions such as Matica slovenská (1863), National Cemetery (Národný cintorín) (1866) and Slovak Museum Society (Muzeálna slovenská spoločnosť) (1893) from which the Slovak National Museum (Slovenské národné múzeum) has been developed.

The development of material and spiritual culture of Turiec was also influenced by other aspects such as living opportunities, geographic conditions for agriculture, emergence of new crafts, traditional structural engineering or family customs and social relationships.